news 2021


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Results 81 - 100 of 119.


Life Sciences - 27.04.2021
Proposal of new universal nomenclature for oxytocin and vasotocin genes
Proposal of new universal nomenclature for oxytocin and vasotocin genes
Oxytocin and arginine vasopressin are two hormones in the endocrine system that can act as neurotransmitters and regulate -in vertebrates and invertebrates- a wide range of biological functions, such as bonding formation, breastfeeding, birth or arterial pressure. Biochemists in the pregenomic era, named these genes differently in different species, due to small protein coding differences.

Physics - Materials Science - 26.04.2021
Advances for the application of nanofluids to energy storage systems
Advances for the application of nanofluids to energy storage systems
Energy storage systems are key technologies for achieving the transition to renewable energies, which can become more viable if the energy efficiency of the former improves. At present, more than 70% of concentrated solar power systems have integrated thermal energy storage (TES). Such power plants reached an installed capacity of 4.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 26.04.2021
Can a newborn's brain discriminate speech sounds?
Can a newborn’s brain discriminate speech sounds?
People's ability to perceive speech sounds has been deeply studied, specially during someone's first year of life, but what happens during the first hours after birth? Are babies born with innate abilities to perceive speech sounds, or do neural encoding processes need to age for some time? Researchers from the Institute of Neurosciences of the UB ( UBNeuro ) and the Sant Joan de Déu Research Institute (IRSJD) have created a new methodology to try to answer this basic question on human development.

Social Sciences - 26.04.2021
The level of satisfaction with life in Spain is marked by household financial capacity
A study by Jordi Gumà (UPF) and Bruno Arpino (University of Florence) examines how the gender revolution affects the individual wellbeing of partnered women and men in Spain. The aim of the research is to examine whether unequal participation in providing financial resources and performing household chores is associated with differences in levels of life satisfaction.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 23.04.2021
TRANSMOW campaign to analyse circulation of Mediterranean outflow waters with new geochemical tracers
TRANSMOW campaign to analyse circulation of Mediterranean outflow waters with new geochemical tracers
Finding the signature of past climate transitions in the Mediterranean using the analysis of innovative geochemical tracers -specifically, isotopes of neodymium and rare-earth distributionis the objective of the oceanographic campaign TRANSMOW, led by the experts Leopoldo Pena and Jaime Frigola, members of the consolidated Research Group on Marine Geosciences of the Faculty of Earth Sciences of the UB.

Earth Sciences - 22.04.2021
New cognitive bias affecting evaluation processes: generosity-erosion effect
New cognitive bias affecting evaluation processes: generosity-erosion effect
Researchers of the University of Barcelona, together with researchers from the University of Zurich (Switzerland) and Brown University (United States), have analysed more than 10,000 evaluations that were carried out to candidates who wish to hold a public teaching permanent in Catalonia. The objective was to study how the decision by the committee of evaluators is affected by the fact that each candidate holds a certain position in the lists of people to be assessed.

Economics / Business - Career - 22.04.2021
Research analyses workforce reduction policies in family firms
A study carried out by researchers from the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M, Spain), the LIUC Università Cattaneo (Italy) and the University of Foggia (Italy) indicates that family businesses tend to protect their employees more than non-family businesses, by generally avoiding workforce reduction practices.

Health - 20.04.2021
Greater effectiveness in the treatment of arrhythmias with radio frequency energy and catheterization
So demonstrates research resulting from the final year project on the bachelor's degree in Biomedical Engineering by Sergi Coderch, supervised by Ana González Suárez and Oscar Camara, researchers with the PhySense research group at the BCN MedTech Research Unit. It was a runner up in the 2019 Gemma Rossell i Romero Awards and has been published in International Journal of Hyperthermia .

History / Archeology - Environment - 15.04.2021
To improve climate models, an international team with the participation of UPF turns to archaeological data
The project, called LandCover6k, offers a new classification system that the researchers hope will improve predications about the planet's future and fill in gaps about its past. .Published in PLOS ONE , the study includes the participation of researchers from the universities of Pennsylvania, Pompeu Fabra and Glasgow, including Marco Madella, ICREA research professor of the Department of Humanities at UPF, who is one of the project leaders.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.04.2021
Largest public database on genetic variants that regulate colonic gene expression
Largest public database on genetic variants that regulate colonic gene expression
A collaboration between Catalan and American researchers has resulted in the largest public databank known to date on data about gene expression and colonic genetic variants.

Physics - 14.04.2021
A European project to develop electrodeless plasma thrusters
A European project to develop electrodeless plasma thrusters
In-depth research into the physics of a new type of plasma rockets for space missions and revolutionising their design. This is the aim of ZARATHUSTRA, a European ERC Starting Grant research project at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) that aims to develop a new aerospace technology and whose results could also be applied in other fields, such as nuclear fusion by magnetic confinement.

Media - 13.04.2021
A study analyses how digital press represents people with disabilities
Researchers from the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) and the Spanish Centre for Subtitling and Audio Description (CESyA, in its Spanish acronym) have analysed the state of representation of people with disabilities in the Spanish digital press. The study, recently published in the Spanish Journal of Disability, analyses media representation of disability with the aim of determining whether the media analysed is spreading a stereotyped or discriminatory image of this group of people, which may affect their relationships with other members of society.

Health - Life Sciences - 12.04.2021
Postnatal molecular changes associated with the fetal inflammatory response have been identified in extremely preterm newborns
The molecular changes observed after birth reveal for the first time a postnatal alteration of adaptive immunity in extremely preterm newborns affected by fetal inflammatory response before birth. A new study provides the largest catalogue to date of postnatal molecular changes associated with the fetal inflammatory response in extremely preterm newborns.

Agronomy / Food Science - 12.04.2021
Researchers study dog diets in the Bronze Age and the First Iron Age using remains from Can Roqueta site
Researchers study dog diets in the Bronze Age and the First Iron Age using remains from Can Roqueta site
Experts from the Prehistoric Studies and Research Seminar ( SERP ) of the University of Barcelona led a study based on the analysis of the remains of thirty-six dogs from the Bronze Age and the First Iron Age found in the site of Can Roqueta (Sabadell). The study, published in Journal World Prehistory , concludes that the food intake of these animals 3,500 years ago was conditioned by human activities, as it happens nowadays.

Earth Sciences - Social Sciences - 08.04.2021
Hidden meaning of mountain gorillas' chest beats
Hidden meaning of mountain gorillas’ chest beats
The image of a gorilla beating its chest is one of the most iconic images related to the behaviour of these primates. However, despite being one of the most emblematic sounds in the animal kingdom, the well-known chest beats have received little attention from the scientific community. A research team in which Jordi Galbany, expert from the Faculty of Psychology of the UB, takes part, has found a correlation between the body size of gorillas and the sound frequency of the typical chest beats.

Astronomy / Space Science - 30.03.2021
First interstellar comet to be the most pristine ever found
First interstellar comet to be the most pristine ever found
New observations carried out with the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope (ESO's VLT) indicate that the rogue comet 2I/Borisov, which is the second and most recently detected interstellar visitor to our Solar System, is one of the most pristine comets ever observed. Astronomers suspect that the most likely thing to have happened is for the comet to never passed close to a star, making it an unaltered relic of the cloud of gas and dust where it was created.

Media - Economics / Business - 29.03.2021
Fake news and patriotic journalism were at the centre of media coverage of the events of 1 October
A study by the researchers Lluís Mas, Frederic Guerrero, Xavier Ramon and the alumni Laura Grande, of the Department of Communication published in the journal The Political Economy of Communication . The Spanish daily newspaper El País applied interpretative frames of patriotic journalism to cover the events of the Catalan process in October 2017.

Life Sciences - Environment - 26.03.2021
Study analyses fish larval dispersal in western Mediterranean
Study analyses fish larval dispersal in western Mediterranean
A new study analyzes the larval dispersal of nine fish species in the western Mediterranean and identifies three large areas in which there is barely fish exchange, so fish would remain in the same area all their life.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 25.03.2021
The origin and uniqueness of basque genetics revealed
The origin and uniqueness of basque genetics revealed
A new study reveals that the genetic uniqueness of the Basque population is not due to its external origin in respect of other Iberian populations, but reduced contacts as of the Iron Age. The genomic analysis points to the language barrier as a possible bastion which led to the isolation of the people.

Environment - 23.03.2021
Intensity of phytoplankton production during Antarctic summer affects the structure of seafloor ecosystems
Intensity of phytoplankton production during Antarctic summer affects the structure of seafloor ecosystems
Understanding the evolution of the polar sea ice is not enough to study the effects of the climate change on marine ecosystems in Antarctic seafloors. It is also necessary to determine the intensity of phytoplankton local production during the Antarctic summer, as stated in a new study by a research team of the Faculty of Biology and the Biodiversity Research Institute ( IRBio ) of the UB, published in the journal Marine Environmental Research .