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Environment - 30.06.2022
Unprecedented change in Europe's fire regime
Unprecedented change in Europe’s fire regime
A study reveals an unprecedented change in the fire regime in Europe which is related to climate change. The affected areas are in Southern, Central and Northern Europe but this historical change in Europe's fire regime is more intense in the Mediterranean area. The study, published in the journal Scientific Reports , is led by Jofre Carnicer, lecturer of Ecology at the Faculty of Biology, and member of the Biodiversity Research Institute (IRBio) of the University of Barcelona and the Centre for Ecological Research and Forestry Applications (CREAF).

Pharmacology - Health - 29.06.2022
Artificial intelligence techniques used to obtain antibiotic resistance patterns
The Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) is conducting research that analyses antibiotic resistance patterns with the aim of finding trends that can help decide which treatment to apply to each type of patient and stop the spread of bacteria. This study, recently published in the scientific journal Nature Communications, has been carried out together with the University of Exeter, the University of Birmingham (both in the United Kingdom) and the Westmead Hospital in Sydney (Australia).

Earth Sciences - Life Sciences - 29.06.2022
Changes in oceanographic fronts affect the gene flow among marine crab populations
Changes in oceanographic fronts affect the gene flow among marine crab populations
In the Mediterranean and the Atlantic, the intensity and location of the oceanographic fronts that limit the gene connectivity among populations of marine crabs vary over time. These dynamic changes, described in an article published in the journal Scientific Reports , alter the gene structure of the populations of marine crabs of commercial and gastronomic interest.

Health - Life Sciences - 28.06.2022
Centenarians' offspring share their unique footprint
Centenarians’ offspring share their unique footprint
A genetic analysis of centenarians- descendants reveals a specific genetic footprint that may explain why they are less frail than descendants of non-centenarians of the same age. This is the main conclusion of a study led by the University of Valencia (UV), the CIBER for Fragility and Healthy Aging (CIBERFES), and the Health Research Institute (INCLIVA) that has been published in The Journals of Gerontology .

Mechanical Engineering - Research Management - 28.06.2022
New method based on smart materials for experimenting with cells
New method based on smart materials for experimenting with cells
Scientists from 4D-BIOMAP, an ERC research project at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), have developed a new experimental method, based on magneto-active polymers, to study cellular behaviour. These compounds, which consist of a polymeric matrix (e.g., an elastomer) containing magnetic particles (e.g., iron), mechanically react by changing their shape and stiffness.

History / Archeology - 24.06.2022
Prehistoric stele found in the funerary complex of Cañaveral de León
Prehistoric stele found in the funerary complex of Cañaveral de León
An international research that integrates experts from the universities of Durham, Seville, Southampton, Huelva and Gothenburg has just located a prehistoric stela, of the type known as 'warrior' in the burial complex of Cañaveral de León (Huelva). This is the second stela found in this site.

Health - Life Sciences - 23.06.2022
The University of Valencia and the CSIC patent a method to detect the COVID-19 virus and other pathogens using CRISPR
The University of Valencia and the CSIC patent a method to detect the COVID-19 virus and other pathogens using CRISPR
A research group from the Institute for Integrative Systems Biology (I2SysBio, UV-CSIC) has developed a method to detect viruses such as SARS-CoV-2, which causes COVID-19, using the CRISPR gene editing technique.

Life Sciences - Health - 23.06.2022
The University of Valencia participates in the first complete study of the DNA of the Demodex folliculorum mite
The University of Valencia participates in the first complete study of the DNA of the Demodex folliculorum mite
The University of Valencia participates in the first complete study of the DNA of the Demodex folliculorum mite The University of Valencia (UV), together with the Foundation for the Promotion of Health and Biomedical Research of the Valencian Community (Fisabio), the Higher Council for Scientific Research (CSIC) and the Centre for Online Biomedical Research (CIBER), has participated in the first genome sequencing study of the Demodex folliculorum mite , the only animal living in symbiosis with the human body.

Life Sciences - Health - 22.06.2022
Deletion of 'Wt1' gene produces alterations in the reproductive organs of mice
Deletion of ’Wt1’ gene produces alterations in the reproductive organs of mice
The deletion of the Wt1 gene during the early stages of the embryonic reproductive organ formation leads to differences in sex development in adult mice, according to an article published in the journal PLOS Genetics and led by the lecturer Ofelia Martínez-Estrada, from the Faculty of Biology and the Biomedicine Research Institute ( IRBio ) of the UB.

Astronomy / Space Science - Earth Sciences - 15.06.2022
Two new rocky planets found in the solar neighborhood
Two new rocky planets found in the solar neighborhood
An international collaboration, involving the Stellar Astrophysics group of the Complutense University, has discovered two new super-Earths orbiting a bright red dwarf star located only 33 light-years away, making them the closest rocky planets ever found outside our solar system. Neither of the two worlds can harbor life.

Earth Sciences - Physics - 14.06.2022
Team collaborates in the recovery of 74 war artefacts buried during the Spanish Civil War
Team collaborates in the recovery of 74 war artefacts buried during the Spanish Civil War
A total of 74 war artefacts from the Spanish Civil War —without fuse and with ammunition inside— have been recovered in an old republican airfield in the town of les Preses (Girona) as pa

Health - Physics - 10.06.2022
Mechanotransduction: nuclear mechanics to understand health and diseases
Mechanotransduction: nuclear mechanics to understand health and diseases
The application of mechanic forces to the cell nucleus affects the transport of proteins through the nuclear membrane, an action that controls cellular processes and could play a key role in several diseases such as cancer. These findings draw a new scenario for understanding how the mechanic forces drive the progression of the cancer and open the doors to the design of potential innovative techniques —both diagnostic and therapeutical.

Life Sciences - 08.06.2022
The mechanisms regulating the balance between the formation of neurons and the maintenance of stem cells in the formation of the brain revealed
A new study by UPF-s Neuronal Dynamics Research Group has elucidated the cellular and molecular mechanisms that regulate the balance between the differentiation of neurons and the maintenance of progenitor cells during the formation of the embryonic brain. The study, conducted in a zebrafish model, has been published in the journal Cell Reports.

Health - Life Sciences - 08.06.2022
A polyphenol-rich diet prevents inflammation in older people
A polyphenol-rich diet prevents inflammation in older people
Polyphenols in the foods that we eat can prevent inflammation in older people, since they alter the intestinal microbiota and induce the production of the indole 3-propionic acid (IPA), a metabolite derived from the degradation of tryptophan due to intestinal bacteria. This is stated in a study published in the journal Molecular Nutrition and Food Research , carried out by the Research Group on Biomarkers and Nutritional & Food Metabolomics of the Faculty of Pharmacy and Food Sciences of the University of Barcelona and the CIBER on Fragility and Healthy Ageing ( CIBERFES ).

Environment - Earth Sciences - 07.06.2022
Researches decipher the migratory pattern of the smallest seabird in the Mediterranean
Researches decipher the migratory pattern of the smallest seabird in the Mediterranean
It had always been thought that the Mediterranean population of the European storm petrel —the smallest seabird in the Mediterranean— spent the year in this sea and that only a small part of the population migrated to the Atlantic during the winter season. Now, a study reveals that most of the European storm petrels that nest in the western Mediterranean move to the Atlantic Ocean as their main wintering area.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 02.06.2022
What oxytocin can tell us about the evolution of human prosociality
What oxytocin can tell us about the evolution of human prosociality
Modern humans are characterized by their prosociality, a broad term that encompasses intraspecies empathy, social tolerance, cooperation and altruism. These facets of social cognition have been associated with variations in the oxytocin and vasotocin genes (OT and VT) and their receptors (OTR and VTR).

Health - Pharmacology - 31.05.2022
How have hepatocellular carcinoma treatments improved?
How have hepatocellular carcinoma treatments improved?
Researchers of the University of Barcelona and Hospital Clínic-IDIBAPS published a review article in the journal Nature Cancer in which they describe the molecular alterations observed in the evolution of the hepatocellular carcinoma -the most common type of liver cancerand propose a sequencing strategy for systemic treatment incorporating all the approved therapies to date.

Environment - 27.05.2022
Climate change can amplify heatwaves in the Antarctic continent
Climate change can amplify heatwaves in the Antarctic continent
Scientists from the Antarctic Group of the State Meteorological Agency —belonging to the Spanish Ministry for Ecological Transition and Demographical Challenge (MINECO)— and the University of Barcelona, the CSIC Institute of Geosciences and the University of Lisbon published the results of a recent study whose main conclusion confirms, for the first time, that climate change can amplify a heatwave in the Antarctic continent.

History / Archeology - Art and Design - 27.05.2022
More than ten artistic manifestations between 1338 and 1538 spawned the myth of James I as the founding king
Francesc Granell Sales, a researcher at the University of Valencia, has analysed the representation of King James I in visual culture during the period 1338-1538.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 26.05.2022
They discover an effect that determines the detection of neutrinos to study the cosmos
They discover an effect that determines the detection of neutrinos to study the cosmos
A study by the Institute of Corpuscular Physics (CSIC-UV) and Harvard University shows for the first time the production of a type of neutrinos originating from extreme phenomena. The work, featured in the journal Physical Review Letters, represents a change for the models on which future Physics experiments looking for these elementary particles are based.
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