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Transport - Nov 24
Transport
The ALARM research team, a European scientific project coordinated by Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), has developed a new prototype early warning system to monitor natural phenomena that threaten the safety and efficiency of aviation. This system, currently capable of predicting the dispersion of volcanic ash or the progress of certain thunderstorms, also identifies the areas where the passage of aircraft has the greatest impact on climate change.
Computer Science

A research led by the Open University of Catalonia (UOC) and with the participation of researchers from the University of Valencia (UV), the Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV) and the Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC), among other centres, proposes measures to eliminate gender bias in Internet algorithms.

Environment - Nov 11
Environment

More than 50% of the world's river network is made of temporary or intermittent rivers: those which, during a certain time of the year, mainly summer, present dry riverbeds or some isolated ponds.

Physics - Nov 23
Physics

An international research team in which the Institute of Materials Science of the University of Valencia (ICMUV) participates has managed to control individual photons integrated into a chip with great precision aiming at applications in quantum acoustic technologies or integrated photonic networks. The method, carried out using nanoscale sound waves, will be a step forward on the path to hybrid quantum technologies. The finding was published in the journal Nature Communications.

Agronomy - Nov 11
Agronomy

The CADENUSA project (Awareness Campaign on Misinformation and Hoaxes in Nutrition and Food Safety), funded by the UNESCO Chair and directed by three researchers from the ScienceFlows group of the University of Valencia, seeks to educate the population on nutrition issues through the detection of hoaxes on the Internet, especially in university students. The study has launched a survey to find out which are the main sources of information on hoaxes and has published a manual with good practices for communication and promotion of healthy eating.


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Transport - Environment - 24.11.2022
A prototype system which warns of natural phenomena dangerous for aviation developed
A prototype system which warns of natural phenomena dangerous for aviation developed
The ALARM research team, a European scientific project coordinated by Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), has developed a new prototype early warning system to monitor natural phenomena that threaten the safety and efficiency of aviation. This system, currently capable of predicting the dispersion of volcanic ash or the progress of certain thunderstorms, also identifies the areas where the passage of aircraft has the greatest impact on climate change.

Computer Science - Social Sciences - 23.11.2022
A research identifies gender biases in Internet algorithms and proposes specific training to eliminate them
A research identifies gender biases in Internet algorithms and proposes specific training to eliminate them
A research led by the Open University of Catalonia (UOC) and with the participation of researchers from the University of Valencia (UV), the Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV) and the Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC), among other centres, proposes measures to eliminate gender bias in Internet algorithms.

Physics - Innovation - 23.11.2022
They manage to acoustically control individual photons integrated into a chip for quantum technologies applications
They manage to acoustically control individual photons integrated into a chip for quantum technologies applications
An international research team in which the Institute of Materials Science of the University of Valencia (ICMUV) participates has managed to control individual photons integrated into a chip with great precision aiming at applications in quantum acoustic technologies or integrated photonic networks.

Environment - Life Sciences - 11.11.2022
New approach to assess the health status of intermittent rivers
New approach to assess the health status of intermittent rivers
More than 50% of the world's river network is made of temporary or intermittent rivers: those which, during a certain time of the year, mainly summer, present dry riverbeds or some isolated ponds. These rivers show high variability, both spatially and temporally, which makes it impossible for the same tools used to gauge the state of health of permanent rivers to be applied to them.

Agronomy / Food Science - 11.11.2022
Researchers warn of nutritional hoaxes and launch a campaign to detect them on social networks
Researchers warn of nutritional hoaxes and launch a campaign to detect them on social networks
The CADENUSA project (Awareness Campaign on Misinformation and Hoaxes in Nutrition and Food Safety), funded by the UNESCO Chair and directed by three researchers from the ScienceFlows group of the Un

Health - Research Management - 09.11.2022
The UB, world leader in research on liver cirrhosis
The UB, world leader in research on liver cirrhosis
The University of Barcelona is the institution with the most publications and number of bibliometric citations worldwide in research on liver cirrhosis, followed by the Virginia Commonwealth University (United States), the University College London (United Kingdom), the Mayo Clinic (United States) and the University of Padova (Italy).

Health - Life Sciences - 08.11.2022
Molecular mechanism associated with juvenile Parkinson's
Molecular mechanism associated with juvenile Parkinson’s
Parkinson's disease affects 3% of population over 65 years old, and the average age of onset is 60. Regarding juvenile Parkinson, which represents the of all Parkison's cases, the disease begins before 40 years old. Now, a group of researchers of the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences , the Institute of Neurosciences of the UB ( UBNeuro ) and the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute ( IDIBELL ), has deciphered, for the first time, the molecular mechanism by which a mutation of the adenosine type 1 receptor gene is associated with juvenile Parkinson's.

Social Sciences - Health - 08.11.2022
An analysis based on the social determinants of health allows a better understanding of the impact of covid-19 on children
The intersectional study, conducted by researchers from UPF, the UVic-UCC and the UAB, published in the journal Sociology of Health & Illness , considers the multiple axes of inequality and existing power relations.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 07.11.2022
Microplastic pollution threats the world's coastal lagoons
Microplastic pollution threats the world’s coastal lagoons
Globally, the coastal lagoons of Lagos (Nigeria), Sakumo (Ghana) and Bizerte (Tunisia) —close to large urban centres and without waste and sewage treatment systems— are among the most affected water ecosystems of this nature by microplastic pollution. However, the highest concentrations of microplastics have been detected in Barnes Sound and other small lagoons in a protected area in the north of Florida Bay (USA), a particular case that can be explained by the transport of microplastics carried by hurricanes from polluted areas.

Health - Career - 03.11.2022
The proportion of active or unemployed working men increases among people with addiction to new technologies in the Valencian Community
A study by Marina Cuquerella and Ana M. García, researchers from the Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health of the University of Valencia, investigates the profile of people treat

Physics - Chemistry - 02.11.2022
Magnetic molecules on surfaces: advances and challenges in molecular nanoscience
Magnetic molecules on surfaces: advances and challenges in molecular nanoscience
In the field of molecular magnetism, the design of devices with technological applications at the nanoscale —quantum computing, molecular spintronics, magnetic cooling, nanomedicine, high-density information storage, etc.— requires those magnetic molecules that are placed on the surface to preserve their structure, functionality and properties.

Environment - 28.10.2022
Finding the unknown processes of the evolutionary history of green lizards in the Mediterranean
Finding the unknown processes of the evolutionary history of green lizards in the Mediterranean
The evolutionary clade and biodiversity of green lizards of the genera Lacerta and Timon —reptiles common in the Mediterranean basin and surrounding areas of the European continent, North Africa and Asia— have never been studied in detail from the perspective of historical biogeography. Now, a paper published in the Journal of Biogeography presents a new scenario for deciphering the potential evolutionary processes that have acted —separately or together— to give rise to the biodiversity of species in this group in Mediterranean ecosystems.

Mathematics - 27.10.2022
Mathematical link between sociopolitical event and advanced cyberattacks
An interdisciplinary team of researchers from the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) has created a mathematical model which makes it possible to explain, according to different sociopolitical variables, certain advanced cyberattacks that are usually carried out by States. This is a first step towards the ambitious goal of predicting the occurrence of these cyberattacks.

Mathematics - Social Sciences - 27.10.2022
A new method enables the determination of the dimensionality of complex networks through hyperbolic geometry
A new method enables the determination of the dimensionality of complex networks through hyperbolic geometry
Reducing redundant information to find simplifying patterns in data sets and complex networks is a scientific challenge in many knowledge fields. Moreover, detecting the dimensionality of the data is still a hard-to-solve problem. An article published in the journal Nature Communications presents a method to infer the dimensionality of complex networks through the application of hyperbolic geometrics, which capture the complexity of relational structures of the real world in many diverse domains.

History / Archeology - Chemistry - 26.10.2022
The first analysis of zinc in dental enamel in a Neanderthal indicates that he had a very meat-rich diet
The first analysis of zinc in dental enamel in a Neanderthal indicates that he had a very meat-rich diet
Domingo Carlos Salazar, molecular archaeologist and researcher at the University of Valencia, has participated in the first analysis of zinc isotope ratios (atoms of different masses of the same chemical element) in the dental enamel of a Neanderthal to determine his position in the food chain. The study, published in the journal PNAS, and led by a researcher from the National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) in France, has determined that the Neanderthal to which the tooth belonged probably had an almost carnivorous diet.

Health - Life Sciences - 25.10.2022
First clinical guideline on Schaaf-Yang syndrome for professionals and families
First clinical guideline on Schaaf-Yang syndrome for professionals and families
Improving knowledge of the Schaaf-Yang syndrome (SYS) -an ultrarare disease caused by mutations in the MAGEL2 geneis the aim of the first clinical guideline aimed at healthcare professionals and families of children affected by this pathology. The article, published in the Journal of Medical Genetics , has revealed the effects of the truncated MAGEL2 protein on cell physiology.

Health - 24.10.2022
Polyphenol consumption in adolescents is associated with a better cardiovascular health
Polyphenol consumption in adolescents is associated with a better cardiovascular health
The consumption of polyphenols in adolescents is associated with a better cardiovascular health, according to a collaborative research study which includes the participation of the University of Barcelona, the Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition Networking Biomedical Research Centre (CIBEROBN), the Spanish Cardiovascular Research Network (CIBERCV) and the SHE Foundation.

Environment - Life Sciences - 24.10.2022
The University of Valencia leads a study to find out the role of wetlands in the face of climate change
The University of Valencia leads a study to find out the role of wetlands in the face of climate change
Antonio Camacho, professor at the Department of Microbiology and Ecology at the University of Valencia (UV), leads the European LIFE Wetlands4Climate project in Spain, together with the Global Nature Foundation (FGN). This proposal works so that the management of Mediterranean wetlands generates multiple alliances and creates opportunities for socioeconomic development in rural areas and represents an important advance in understanding the carbon balances of Mediterranean wetlands.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.10.2022
CDF15 cytokine, a promising therapeutic target against type 2 diabetes
CDF15 cytokine, a promising therapeutic target against type 2 diabetes
A team led by Professor Manuel Vázquez-Carrera, from the Faculty of Pharmacy and Food Sciences and the Institute of Biomedicine ( IBUB ) of the UB, has conducted a review study on the Growth Differentiation Factor 15 (GDF15) —a protein expressed under physiological stress conditions— and its potential impact on the treatment for type 2 diabetes.

Life Sciences - Health - 18.10.2022
Protein complex that regulates migration of neurons and neuroblastoma cancer cells
Protein complex that regulates migration of neurons and neuroblastoma cancer cells
During brain development, neurons have to migrate long distances through complex environments until they reach their final destination. In order to find guidance, they must establish several interactions —which are still hard to study— between their receptors and the surrounding molecules.
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