news 2021

Life Sciences - May 12
Life Sciences
A study published in the journal Scientific Reports reveals the genetic structure of the land snail Xerocrassa montserratensis and it provides new scientific tools for the improvement of the conservation of this endemic and threatened species in Catalonia. This land mollusc, identified in the late 19th century in the Montserrat mountain, has a reduced geographical distribution limited to the province of Barcelona, and it is a protected species in the area of the natural parks of Montserrat and Sant Llorenç del Munt i l'Obac.
Life Sciences - May 10

A new study from the Lifebrain consortium , coordinated by the University of Oslo with the participation of the University of Barcelona, finds that higher education does not slow brain ageing, contrary to the popular belief.

Social Sciences - May 6
Social Sciences

Àfrica Pitarch, Beatriu de Pinós researcher in the Prehistoric Studies and Research Seminar of the UB (SERP-UB) 000 years ago.

Environment - May 7
Environment

A study published in the International Journal of Climatology , in which several researchers of the UB participated, analysed for the first time the recent evolution of snow at high levels in the Catalan Pyrenees.

Health - May 5

Artificial intelligence, combined with citizen science, will provide real-time detection of the tiger mosquito on a large scale and, as a result, will allow faster control of this disease transmitter.


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Life Sciences - Earth Sciences - 12.05.2021
Genetic structure of the snail 'Xerocrassa montserratensis', an endemic species to Catalonia
Genetic structure of the snail ’Xerocrassa montserratensis’, an endemic species to Catalonia
A study published in the journal Scientific Reports reveals the genetic structure of the land snail Xerocrassa montserratensis and it provides new scientific tools for the improvement of the conservation of this endemic and threatened species in Catalonia. This land mollusc, identified in the late 19th century in the Montserrat mountain, has a reduced geographical distribution limited to the province of Barcelona, and it is a protected species in the area of the natural parks of Montserrat and Sant Llorenç del Munt i l'Obac.

Life Sciences - Health - 10.05.2021
Higher education does not influence brain ageing
A new study from the Lifebrain consortium , coordinated by the University of Oslo with the participation of the University of Barcelona, finds that higher education does not slow brain ageing, contrary to the popular belief. This study has been published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences .

Environment - Earth Sciences - 07.05.2021
The UB takes part in a study that reveals the recent tendency in the evolution of snow in western Pyrenees
The UB takes part in a study that reveals the recent tendency in the evolution of snow in western Pyrenees
A study published in the International Journal of Climatology , in which several researchers of the UB participated, analysed for the first time the recent evolution of snow at high levels in the Catalan Pyrenees. The study shows that over the last twenty years, at more than 2,000 meters high, the snow has not decreased but there has been an increase of snow-shape rain during the winter.

Social Sciences - History / Archeology - 06.05.2021
Human burial from 78,000 years ago in Africa
Human burial from 78,000 years ago in Africa
Àfrica Pitarch, Beatriu de Pinós researcher in the Prehistoric Studies and Research Seminar of the UB (SERP-UB) 000 years ago. Researchers found remains of a child aged between 2.5 and 3, in a shallow grave in the site of Panga ya Saidi (Kenya). This burial joins other evidence of the first social complex behaviour seen in Homo Sapiens.

Health - Computer Science - 05.05.2021
Artificial intelligence identifies the tiger mosquito from the photos received in the Mosquito Alert app
Artificial intelligence, combined with citizen science, will provide real-time detection of the tiger mosquito on a large scale and, as a result, will allow faster control of this disease transmitter. The deep learning algorithm that has been trained with more than 7,000 anonymous photographs received in the Mosquito Alert app between 2015 and 2019, is able to correctly identify 96% of tiger mosquito photographs.

Physics - 04.05.2021
Wireless broadband connectivity enhanced by a new communication design
A study published in the IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications , by Konstantinos Dovelos and Boris Bellalta, members of the Wireless Networking research group, with the participation of researchers from Queen's University Belfast (UK). Current wireless networks such as Wi-Fi, LTE-Advanced, etc., work in the lower radio spectrum, below 6 GHz.

Life Sciences - Health - 28.04.2021
The Vertebrate Genome Project marks the beginning of a new era for the genomics of biodiversity
With the publication of 16 high quality reference genomes of vertebrates, an international team sets the standards for the new era of the genomics of biodiversity and shows how it will allow research in comparative biology, conservation and health. Published in Nature, the flagship study of the VGP is one of the biggest efforts towards standardization in the field of genomics with the involvement of over 50 institutions from 12 different countries since it began more than a decade ago.

Career - Environment - 27.04.2021
The factors that improve job resiliency in North American cities have been identified
The factors that improve job resiliency in North American cities have been identified
"Job connectivity? (the possibility of finding a similar job) is a key factor for the recovery of local economies in the face of crises, according to a study published recently by researchers from the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), the Max Planck Society and the University of Pittsburgh.

Physics - Materials Science - 26.04.2021
Advances for the application of nanofluids to energy storage systems
Advances for the application of nanofluids to energy storage systems
Energy storage systems are key technologies for achieving the transition to renewable energies, which can become more viable if the energy efficiency of the former improves. At present, more than 70% of concentrated solar power systems have integrated thermal energy storage (TES). Such power plants reached an installed capacity of 4.5 GW at the end of 2019.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 26.04.2021
Can a newborn's brain discriminate speech sounds?
Can a newborn’s brain discriminate speech sounds?
People's ability to perceive speech sounds has been deeply studied, specially during someone's first year of life, but what happens during the first hours after birth? Are babies born with innate abilities to perceive speech sounds, or do neural encoding processes need to age for some time? Researchers from the Institute of Neurosciences of the UB ( UBNeuro ) and the Sant Joan de Déu Research Institute (IRSJD) have created a new methodology to try to answer this basic question on human development.

Social Sciences - 26.04.2021
The level of satisfaction with life in Spain is marked by household financial capacity
A study by Jordi Gumà (UPF) and Bruno Arpino (University of Florence) examines how the gender revolution affects the individual wellbeing of partnered women and men in Spain. The aim of the research is to examine whether unequal participation in providing financial resources and performing household chores is associated with differences in levels of life satisfaction.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 23.04.2021
TRANSMOW campaign to analyse circulation of Mediterranean outflow waters with new geochemical tracers
TRANSMOW campaign to analyse circulation of Mediterranean outflow waters with new geochemical tracers
Finding the signature of past climate transitions in the Mediterranean using the analysis of innovative geochemical tracers -specifically, isotopes of neodymium and rare-earth distributionis the objective of the oceanographic campaign TRANSMOW, led by the experts Leopoldo Pena and Jaime Frigola, members of the consolidated Research Group on Marine Geosciences of the Faculty of Earth Sciences of the UB.

Earth Sciences - 22.04.2021
New cognitive bias affecting evaluation processes: generosity-erosion effect
New cognitive bias affecting evaluation processes: generosity-erosion effect
Researchers of the University of Barcelona, together with researchers from the University of Zurich (Switzerland) and Brown University (United States), have analysed more than 10,000 evaluations that were carried out to candidates who wish to hold a public teaching permanent in Catalonia. The objective was to study how the decision by the committee of evaluators is affected by the fact that each candidate holds a certain position in the lists of people to be assessed.

Economics / Business - Career - 22.04.2021
Research analyses workforce reduction policies in family firms
A study carried out by researchers from the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M, Spain), the LIUC Università Cattaneo (Italy) and the University of Foggia (Italy) indicates that family businesses tend to protect their employees more than non-family businesses, by generally avoiding workforce reduction practices.

Health - 20.04.2021
Greater effectiveness in the treatment of arrhythmias with radio frequency energy and catheterization
So demonstrates research resulting from the final year project on the bachelor's degree in Biomedical Engineering by Sergi Coderch, supervised by Ana González Suárez and Oscar Camara, researchers with the PhySense research group at the BCN MedTech Research Unit. It was a runner up in the 2019 Gemma Rossell i Romero Awards and has been published in International Journal of Hyperthermia .

History / Archeology - Environment - 15.04.2021
To improve climate models, an international team with the participation of UPF turns to archaeological data
The project, called LandCover6k, offers a new classification system that the researchers hope will improve predications about the planet's future and fill in gaps about its past. .Published in PLOS ONE , the study includes the participation of researchers from the universities of Pennsylvania, Pompeu Fabra and Glasgow, including Marco Madella, ICREA research professor of the Department of Humanities at UPF, who is one of the project leaders.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.04.2021
Largest public database on genetic variants that regulate colonic gene expression
Largest public database on genetic variants that regulate colonic gene expression
A collaboration between Catalan and American researchers has resulted in the largest public databank known to date on data about gene expression and colonic genetic variants.

Physics - 14.04.2021
A European project to develop electrodeless plasma thrusters
A European project to develop electrodeless plasma thrusters
In-depth research into the physics of a new type of plasma rockets for space missions and revolutionising their design. This is the aim of ZARATHUSTRA, a European ERC Starting Grant research project at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) that aims to develop a new aerospace technology and whose results could also be applied in other fields, such as nuclear fusion by magnetic confinement.

Media - 13.04.2021
A study analyses how digital press represents people with disabilities
Researchers from the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) and the Spanish Centre for Subtitling and Audio Description (CESyA, in its Spanish acronym) have analysed the state of representation of people with disabilities in the Spanish digital press. The study, recently published in the Spanish Journal of Disability, analyses media representation of disability with the aim of determining whether the media analysed is spreading a stereotyped or discriminatory image of this group of people, which may affect their relationships with other members of society.

Health - Life Sciences - 12.04.2021
Postnatal molecular changes associated with the fetal inflammatory response have been identified in extremely preterm newborns
The molecular changes observed after birth reveal for the first time a postnatal alteration of adaptive immunity in extremely preterm newborns affected by fetal inflammatory response before birth. A new study provides the largest catalogue to date of postnatal molecular changes associated with the fetal inflammatory response in extremely preterm newborns.
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