Social Security

Social Security

If you are planning to come or are already working or studying in Spain, you are interested in knowing what is Social Security and how to register if you are a foreigner. Whether it is for a short stay of less than a year or you decide to stay indefinitely in Spain.

WHAT IS SOCIAL SECURITY?

Social Security is the protection that Spain provides to people to guarantee the "welfare state". This means access and health care, help for unemployed people or retirement. Social Security affiliation is mandatory to be able to work legally in Spain.

HOW TO REGISTER?

  • If it is the first time that you come to Spain, do not worry, because if you come for labor reasons (having the work permit) when you have your first contract, the employer will have the obligation to register you in the Social Security. This will mean that you will receive a Social Security number, which will be the one you will always have as it does not expire and does not have to be renewed.
  • If for other reasons you want to register yourself, the easiest way is online through the Social Security electronic site. You can also register in person at the Provincial Directorate of the Social Security Treasury corresponding to your address.

  • As a foreign worker, you must contribute to the Spanish social security system, unless you come to work with a certificate of coverage from your country of origin. In the case of applications from residents in Spain, you must reside in Spain and not have compulsory health care coverage through any other means.

HOW DO YOU GET PAID?

If you work for a company, you will see that your salary is made up of a gross and a net amount. From this gross salary, the company that hired you pays monthly social security contributions.

WHAT IF I COME TO STUDY IN SPAIN?

If you are less than 2 years old and you have decided to come to Spain to finish your degree at the University or to do a Doctorate for example, when you enroll in the center where you are going to do your studies you will have to pay 1.12 euros and the educational center will take care of the paperwork with the Social Security. This way you will already have medical assistance.