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Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 22.09.2022
Orbital motion detected near black hole event horizon
Orbital motion detected near black hole event horizon
An international team, with the participation of the Universitat de València, has identified the signal of a bubble of hot gas orbiting in the vicinity of Sagittarius A* (the supermassive black hole at the centre of our galaxy). The observation was made with the ALMA telescope (Atacama large mm/submm Array).

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 20.09.2022
New technique to measure the mass of neutrinos coming from a supernova
New technique to measure the mass of neutrinos coming from a supernova
A team from the Institute of Corpuscular Physics (IFIC, UV/CSIC) predicts that supernovae can be a source for determining the mass of neutrinos. This is explained by a theoretical study published in the journal Physical Review Letters. The experimental confirmation of the proposal is carried out within the framework of the international collaboration DUNE (Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment), whose future detector will observe, for this work, neutrinos from supernova explosions.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 20.07.2022
'Black hole guards' find a dormant Black hole outside our galaxy
’Black hole guards’ find a dormant Black hole outside our galaxy
A team of international experts, renowned for having debunked several black hole discoveries, identified a stellar-mass black hole in the Large Magellanic Cloud, a galaxy near the Milky Way. The discovery is now published in an article on Nature Astronomy , which includes the participation of Mark Gieles, from the Faculty of Physics, the Institute of Cosmos Sciences of the UB (ICCUB) and the Institute of Space Studies of Catalonia (IEEC).

Physics - History / Archeology - 18.07.2022
A physical-nuclear technique fixes for the first time the origin of Valencian flint and establishes new mobility parameters in the Paleolithic
A physical-nuclear technique fixes for the first time the origin of Valencian flint and establishes new mobility parameters in the Paleolithic
An international team of researchers, led by the professor of the University of Valencia (UV) Aleix Eixea, has applied for the first time a technique from nuclear physics, Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA), to determine the origin of some flint from Middle and Upper Palaeolithic sites in the current provinces of Valencia and Alicante.

Earth Sciences - Physics - 14.06.2022
Team collaborates in the recovery of 74 war artefacts buried during the Spanish Civil War
Team collaborates in the recovery of 74 war artefacts buried during the Spanish Civil War
A total of 74 war artefacts from the Spanish Civil War —without fuse and with ammunition inside— have been recovered in an old republican airfield in the town of les Preses (Girona) as pa

Health - Physics - 10.06.2022
Mechanotransduction: nuclear mechanics to understand health and diseases
Mechanotransduction: nuclear mechanics to understand health and diseases
The application of mechanic forces to the cell nucleus affects the transport of proteins through the nuclear membrane, an action that controls cellular processes and could play a key role in several diseases such as cancer. These findings draw a new scenario for understanding how the mechanic forces drive the progression of the cancer and open the doors to the design of potential innovative techniques —both diagnostic and therapeutical.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 26.05.2022
They discover an effect that determines the detection of neutrinos to study the cosmos
They discover an effect that determines the detection of neutrinos to study the cosmos
A study by the Institute of Corpuscular Physics (CSIC-UV) and Harvard University shows for the first time the production of a type of neutrinos originating from extreme phenomena. The work, featured in the journal Physical Review Letters, represents a change for the models on which future Physics experiments looking for these elementary particles are based.

Health - Physics - 28.04.2022
IFIC develops a new monitoring system for hadronic therapy against cancer
IFIC develops a new monitoring system for hadronic therapy against cancer
The IRIS (Image Reconstruction, Instrumentation and Simulations for medical imaging applications) research group of the Corpuscular Physics Institute (IFIC, UV-CSIC) has successfully tested a new, more effective and less invasive system for monitoring hadronic therapy against cancer. This technology, in the proof of concept and recovery phase, has funding from the Valencian Innovation Agency and the Ministry of Science and Innovation.

Chemistry - Physics - 26.04.2022
New mechanism to transfer chirality between molecules in the nanoscale field
New mechanism to transfer chirality between molecules in the nanoscale field
If we compare the right to the left hand, we can see these are specular images —that is, like symmetrical shapes reflected in a mirror— and they cannot superimpose on each other. This property is chirality, a feature of the matter that plays with the symmetry of biological structures at different scales, from the DNA molecule to the tissues of the heart muscle.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 14.04.2022
MAGIC telescopes detect vampire star nuclear explosion
MAGIC telescopes detect vampire star nuclear explosion
A research team taking part in the MAGIC collaboration —international consortium including participation from experts of the University of Barcelona— detected very high-energy gamma rays from a recurrent nova in the Milky Way.

Physics - Life Sciences - 23.03.2022
New advances in the protein folding process thermodynamics
New advances in the protein folding process thermodynamics
In biophysics, the kinetic states of molecules play a determining role in the metabolic and physiological processes in which they take part. Now, a paper published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences ( PNAS ) specifies for the first time the levels of energy, the entropy and the enthalpy of protein folding.

Chemistry - Physics - 21.01.2022
Researchers design an artificial light-fuelled molecular machine
Researchers design an artificial light-fuelled molecular machine
A molecular machine is a series of molecules that can conduct different mechanical movements as a response to a stimulus. This is a key structure for the development of different cellular functions. Professor Lluïsa Pérez-García, from the Faculty of Pharmacy and Food Sciences of the UB, took part in an international research led by the University of Nottingham, which has created a light-controlled artificial molecular machine.

Physics - Health - 20.12.2021
An aptasensor has been designed to detect the SARS-CoV-2 virus in saliva
Scientists at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) have developed the first photo-electrochemical aptasensor that detects the SARS-CoV-2 virus in a saliva sample. This sensor, which uses aptamers (a type of artificial antibody), is more sensitive that antigen-based sensors and detects the virus more quickly and cheaply than PCR tests.

Physics - 29.11.2021
Breaking the symmetry of sound waves allows the sound to be directed to a certain place
Research undertaken by the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) has concluded that sound can be directed to a certain place if the sound waves' symmetry is broken. In order to carry out this work, recently published in the Nature journal, researchers used the whispering gallery phenomenon, a circular, vaulted room in which you can hear what is being said in a specific part of the room from anywhere, even if it is being whispered.

Earth Sciences - Physics - 25.10.2021
Fast and localized temperature measurements during earthquakes or volcanic processes
Fast and localized temperature measurements during earthquakes or volcanic processes
The Universidad Carlos III de Madrid's (UC3M) Displays and Photonic Applications Research Group has developed a measuring instrument that can be used to study the increase in temperature during volcanic eruptions. This research allows the first measurements of temperature to be taken in situ using a machine in the laboratory that simulates these volcanic processes.

Materials Science - Physics - 29.07.2021
Simulated microgravity system created to experiment with materials
Simulated microgravity system created to experiment with materials
Crystallization studies conducted in space laboratories, which are costly and unaffordable for most research laboratories, showed the valuable effects of microgravity during the crystal growth process and the morphogenesis of materials. Now, a research study led by a scientific team of the University of Barcelona, has created an easy and efficient method to achieve experimentation conditions of microgravity on Earth that simulate those in space.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 17.05.2021
Successful start of DESI Instrument to reveal dark energy mysteries
Successful start of DESI Instrument to reveal dark energy mysteries
Today is the official beginning of a 5-year research to map the universe and reveal the mysteries of the dark energy using the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument ( DESI ). Based in the Kitt Peak National Observatory (Arizona, United States), this instrument will take and study the light of tens of millions of galaxies and other distant objects of the Universe.

Physics - 04.05.2021
Wireless broadband connectivity enhanced by a new communication design
A study published in the IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications , by Konstantinos Dovelos and Boris Bellalta, members of the Wireless Networking research group, with the participation of researchers from Queen's University Belfast (UK). Current wireless networks such as Wi-Fi, LTE-Advanced, etc., work in the lower radio spectrum, below 6 GHz.

Physics - Materials Science - 26.04.2021
Advances for the application of nanofluids to energy storage systems
Advances for the application of nanofluids to energy storage systems
Energy storage systems are key technologies for achieving the transition to renewable energies, which can become more viable if the energy efficiency of the former improves. At present, more than 70% of concentrated solar power systems have integrated thermal energy storage (TES). Such power plants reached an installed capacity of 4.

Physics - 14.04.2021
A European project to develop electrodeless plasma thrusters
A European project to develop electrodeless plasma thrusters
In-depth research into the physics of a new type of plasma rockets for space missions and revolutionising their design. This is the aim of ZARATHUSTRA, a European ERC Starting Grant research project at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) that aims to develop a new aerospace technology and whose results could also be applied in other fields, such as nuclear fusion by magnetic confinement.