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Social Sciences - Physics - 19.01.2023
Active matter theory explains fire-ant group behaviour
Active matter theory explains fire-ant group behaviour
Recerca Ants are social insects and the Solenopsis invicta species —known as the fire ant— is no exception. The social interactions of this invasive insect, which comes from South America, are framed within the context of the theory of Active Matter, which would explain the ants' group behaviour as a reaction to the intrinsic mechanisms in the system.

Physics - Pharmacology - 10.01.2023
New nanotransporter for drug delivery inside cells
New nanotransporter for drug delivery inside cells
A new study by the University of Barcelona has analized the viability of a new nanomolecule as drug delivery vehicle. The results, published in the journal Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces , show that liposomes designed by researchers are able to transport and deliver an anticancer drug that has been used as a model inside the cells.

Physics - Chemistry - 19.12.2022
Tool to improve research on molecular nanomagnets
Tool to improve research on molecular nanomagnets
The University of Valencia develops a tool to improve research on molecular nanomagnets A team from the Institute of Molecular Science (ICMol) of the University of Valencia has developed an open interactive platform that brings together and makes available to science around 20,000 data relating to the chemical design of molecular nanomagnets of special interest in the field of magnetic memories.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 12.12.2022
WEAVE spectrograph begins study of galaxy formation and evolution
WEAVE spectrograph begins study of galaxy formation and evolution
LIFU's advantage comes from the large amount of information contained in each observation. Using small displacements of the pointer, the WEAVE spectrograph has produced, in two hours, spectra for 31,500 regions in and around these galaxies. The total light intensity of each of the fibres is used to form the image of the galaxies shown in the centre.

Physics - Chemistry - 01.12.2022
New method for
New method for "capturing" changes in chemical bonds due to electronic dynamics
An international collaboration involving the Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM) has succeeded in bringing X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy to the femtosecond time scale. This advance, published in Nature Communications , will not only make it possible to investigate the effects on chemical bonds due to the movements of atomic nuclei, but also those caused by electronic dynamics.

Physics - Innovation - 23.11.2022
They manage to acoustically control individual photons integrated into a chip for quantum technologies applications
They manage to acoustically control individual photons integrated into a chip for quantum technologies applications
An international research team in which the Institute of Materials Science of the University of Valencia (ICMUV) participates has managed to control individual photons integrated into a chip with great precision aiming at applications in quantum acoustic technologies or integrated photonic networks.

Physics - Chemistry - 02.11.2022
Magnetic molecules on surfaces: advances and challenges in molecular nanoscience
Magnetic molecules on surfaces: advances and challenges in molecular nanoscience
In the field of molecular magnetism, the design of devices with technological applications at the nanoscale —quantum computing, molecular spintronics, magnetic cooling, nanomedicine, high-density information storage, etc.— requires those magnetic molecules that are placed on the surface to preserve their structure, functionality and properties.

Physics - 17.10.2022
The IFIC performs the first long-term measurement of environmental neutrons in the Canfranc Underground Laboratory
The IFIC performs the first long-term measurement of environmental neutrons in the Canfranc Underground Laboratory
A research group from the Institute of Corpuscular Physics (IFIC, University of Valencia/CSIC) has carried out the first long-term measurement of ambient neutrons at the Canfranc Underground Laboratory (LSC). For this they have used the High Efficiency Neutron Spectrometry Array (HENSA) detector, developed with the participation of IFIC itself and now installed at the LSC.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 22.09.2022
Orbital motion detected near black hole event horizon
Orbital motion detected near black hole event horizon
An international team, with the participation of the Universitat de València, has identified the signal of a bubble of hot gas orbiting in the vicinity of Sagittarius A* (the supermassive black hole at the centre of our galaxy). The observation was made with the ALMA telescope (Atacama large mm/submm Array).

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 20.09.2022
New technique to measure the mass of neutrinos coming from a supernova
New technique to measure the mass of neutrinos coming from a supernova
A team from the Institute of Corpuscular Physics (IFIC, UV/CSIC) predicts that supernovae can be a source for determining the mass of neutrinos. This is explained by a theoretical study published in the journal Physical Review Letters. The experimental confirmation of the proposal is carried out within the framework of the international collaboration DUNE (Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment), whose future detector will observe, for this work, neutrinos from supernova explosions.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 20.07.2022
'Black hole guards' find a dormant Black hole outside our galaxy
’Black hole guards’ find a dormant Black hole outside our galaxy
A team of international experts, renowned for having debunked several black hole discoveries, identified a stellar-mass black hole in the Large Magellanic Cloud, a galaxy near the Milky Way. The discovery is now published in an article on Nature Astronomy , which includes the participation of Mark Gieles, from the Faculty of Physics, the Institute of Cosmos Sciences of the UB (ICCUB) and the Institute of Space Studies of Catalonia (IEEC).

Physics - History / Archeology - 18.07.2022
A physical-nuclear technique fixes for the first time the origin of Valencian flint and establishes new mobility parameters in the Paleolithic
A physical-nuclear technique fixes for the first time the origin of Valencian flint and establishes new mobility parameters in the Paleolithic
An international team of researchers, led by the professor of the University of Valencia (UV) Aleix Eixea, has applied for the first time a technique from nuclear physics, Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA), to determine the origin of some flint from Middle and Upper Palaeolithic sites in the current provinces of Valencia and Alicante.

Earth Sciences - Physics - 14.06.2022
Team collaborates in the recovery of 74 war artefacts buried during the Spanish Civil War
Team collaborates in the recovery of 74 war artefacts buried during the Spanish Civil War
A total of 74 war artefacts from the Spanish Civil War —without fuse and with ammunition inside— have been recovered in an old republican airfield in the town of les Preses (Girona) as pa

Health - Physics - 10.06.2022
Mechanotransduction: nuclear mechanics to understand health and diseases
Mechanotransduction: nuclear mechanics to understand health and diseases
The application of mechanic forces to the cell nucleus affects the transport of proteins through the nuclear membrane, an action that controls cellular processes and could play a key role in several diseases such as cancer. These findings draw a new scenario for understanding how the mechanic forces drive the progression of the cancer and open the doors to the design of potential innovative techniques —both diagnostic and therapeutical.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 26.05.2022
They discover an effect that determines the detection of neutrinos to study the cosmos
They discover an effect that determines the detection of neutrinos to study the cosmos
A study by the Institute of Corpuscular Physics (CSIC-UV) and Harvard University shows for the first time the production of a type of neutrinos originating from extreme phenomena. The work, featured in the journal Physical Review Letters, represents a change for the models on which future Physics experiments looking for these elementary particles are based.

Health - Physics - 28.04.2022
IFIC develops a new monitoring system for hadronic therapy against cancer
IFIC develops a new monitoring system for hadronic therapy against cancer
The IRIS (Image Reconstruction, Instrumentation and Simulations for medical imaging applications) research group of the Corpuscular Physics Institute (IFIC, UV-CSIC) has successfully tested a new, more effective and less invasive system for monitoring hadronic therapy against cancer. This technology, in the proof of concept and recovery phase, has funding from the Valencian Innovation Agency and the Ministry of Science and Innovation.

Chemistry - Physics - 26.04.2022
New mechanism to transfer chirality between molecules in the nanoscale field
New mechanism to transfer chirality between molecules in the nanoscale field
If we compare the right to the left hand, we can see these are specular images —that is, like symmetrical shapes reflected in a mirror— and they cannot superimpose on each other. This property is chirality, a feature of the matter that plays with the symmetry of biological structures at different scales, from the DNA molecule to the tissues of the heart muscle.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 14.04.2022
MAGIC telescopes detect vampire star nuclear explosion
MAGIC telescopes detect vampire star nuclear explosion
A research team taking part in the MAGIC collaboration —international consortium including participation from experts of the University of Barcelona— detected very high-energy gamma rays from a recurrent nova in the Milky Way.

Physics - Life Sciences - 23.03.2022
New advances in the protein folding process thermodynamics
New advances in the protein folding process thermodynamics
In biophysics, the kinetic states of molecules play a determining role in the metabolic and physiological processes in which they take part. Now, a paper published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences ( PNAS ) specifies for the first time the levels of energy, the entropy and the enthalpy of protein folding.

Chemistry - Physics - 21.01.2022
Researchers design an artificial light-fuelled molecular machine
Researchers design an artificial light-fuelled molecular machine
A molecular machine is a series of molecules that can conduct different mechanical movements as a response to a stimulus. This is a key structure for the development of different cellular functions. Professor Lluïsa Pérez-García, from the Faculty of Pharmacy and Food Sciences of the UB, took part in an international research led by the University of Nottingham, which has created a light-controlled artificial molecular machine.