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Environment - Life Sciences - 11.11.2022
New approach to assess the health status of intermittent rivers
New approach to assess the health status of intermittent rivers
More than 50% of the world's river network is made of temporary or intermittent rivers: those which, during a certain time of the year, mainly summer, present dry riverbeds or some isolated ponds. These rivers show high variability, both spatially and temporally, which makes it impossible for the same tools used to gauge the state of health of permanent rivers to be applied to them.

Health - Life Sciences - 08.11.2022
Molecular mechanism associated with juvenile Parkinson's
Molecular mechanism associated with juvenile Parkinson’s
Parkinson's disease affects 3% of population over 65 years old, and the average age of onset is 60. Regarding juvenile Parkinson, which represents the of all Parkison's cases, the disease begins before 40 years old. Now, a group of researchers of the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences , the Institute of Neurosciences of the UB ( UBNeuro ) and the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute ( IDIBELL ), has deciphered, for the first time, the molecular mechanism by which a mutation of the adenosine type 1 receptor gene is associated with juvenile Parkinson's.

Health - Life Sciences - 25.10.2022
First clinical guideline on Schaaf-Yang syndrome for professionals and families
First clinical guideline on Schaaf-Yang syndrome for professionals and families
Improving knowledge of the Schaaf-Yang syndrome (SYS) -an ultrarare disease caused by mutations in the MAGEL2 geneis the aim of the first clinical guideline aimed at healthcare professionals and families of children affected by this pathology. The article, published in the Journal of Medical Genetics , has revealed the effects of the truncated MAGEL2 protein on cell physiology.

Environment - Life Sciences - 24.10.2022
The University of Valencia leads a study to find out the role of wetlands in the face of climate change
The University of Valencia leads a study to find out the role of wetlands in the face of climate change
Antonio Camacho, professor at the Department of Microbiology and Ecology at the University of Valencia (UV), leads the European LIFE Wetlands4Climate project in Spain, together with the Global Nature Foundation (FGN). This proposal works so that the management of Mediterranean wetlands generates multiple alliances and creates opportunities for socioeconomic development in rural areas and represents an important advance in understanding the carbon balances of Mediterranean wetlands.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.10.2022
CDF15 cytokine, a promising therapeutic target against type 2 diabetes
CDF15 cytokine, a promising therapeutic target against type 2 diabetes
A team led by Professor Manuel Vázquez-Carrera, from the Faculty of Pharmacy and Food Sciences and the Institute of Biomedicine ( IBUB ) of the UB, has conducted a review study on the Growth Differentiation Factor 15 (GDF15) —a protein expressed under physiological stress conditions— and its potential impact on the treatment for type 2 diabetes.

Life Sciences - Health - 18.10.2022
Protein complex that regulates migration of neurons and neuroblastoma cancer cells
Protein complex that regulates migration of neurons and neuroblastoma cancer cells
During brain development, neurons have to migrate long distances through complex environments until they reach their final destination. In order to find guidance, they must establish several interactions —which are still hard to study— between their receptors and the surrounding molecules.

Life Sciences - Health - 10.10.2022
New insights on the genetic underpinnings of the vocal tract
Despite its importance for speaking, breathing, and eating, we know relatively little about the genetic underpinnings of the human vocal tract, a system made up of cavities and organs such as the tongue, the larynx, and the lips.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.10.2022
Breaking down bacteria's protective armour to overcome antibiotic resistance
Breaking down bacteria’s protective armour to overcome antibiotic resistance
Persistent lung infections, chronic wounds, and healthcare-associated infections are typically much more difficult to treat than other types of bacterial infections. This is because they are often caused by biofilms, that is, colonies of microbes —mainly bacteria— that grow together in a self-produced matrix that protects and isolate them from the external environment.

Health - Life Sciences - 05.10.2022
The evolution of leukaemia is written from its start, and therefore on the first diagnosis
The evolution of leukaemia is written from its start, and therefore on the first diagnosis
Researchers of the University of Barcelona, the August Pi i Sunyer Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBAPS) and Hospital Clínica have coordinated a study to identify the mechanisms that determine the evolution of leukaemia, its relapses following the treatment and, in some patients, the transformation into a very aggressive lymphoma in the final phase.

Life Sciences - Health - 04.10.2022
Cells that promote blood vessel formation and neurogenesis in the prenatal human brain identified
Cells that promote blood vessel formation and neurogenesis in the prenatal human brain identified
An international research team has characterised, in the brain of foetuses, the cell populations responsible for the formation of blood vessels in the prenatal human brain. They are groups of endothelial and mural cells that line the cerebral vasculature in the second trimester of pregnancy. Led by the University of San Francisco, the work has the participation of the Cavanilles Institute of the University of Valencia-CIBERNED, as well as the collaboration of the Health Research Institute (IIS) and the La Fe Hospital in Valencia.

Life Sciences - 04.10.2022
Some twenty UPF undergraduate students, under the umbrella of the Eutopia network, present their research at an online conference
By analysing images obtained with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), UPF researchers have found that the measurements of turbulence in brain dynamics allow distinguishing one state from another far more precisely than using other existing techniques.

Health - Life Sciences - 03.10.2022
A system to prevent the development of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus with blood tests and easily obtainable parameters investigated
A system to prevent the development of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus with blood tests and easily obtainable parameters investigated
Researchers from the University of Valencia (UV), the INCLIVA Health Research Institute and the Clinical Hospital of Valencia, among other centres, have carried out a study to create a prediction model for the risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM2). This takes parameters present in any routine blood test (basal glucose and triglyceride levels) and others that are easily obtained (age, sex, weight and height of patients).

Health - Life Sciences - 27.09.2022
The effects of stress and coping strategies regarding COVID-19 also depend on the pre-pandemic state of brain networks
The effects of stress and coping strategies regarding COVID-19 also depend on the pre-pandemic state of brain networks
The COVID-19 pandemic generated a unique scenario to analyse the psychological impact of global and extreme situations on the population. Now, a study reveals the importance of the configuration of individual brain networks —before the COVID-19 outbreak— in people's ability of managing the impact of stress and coping strategies regarding the pandemic.

Health - Life Sciences - 27.09.2022
Found the origin of fascioliasis, a priority disease according to the WHO, in Southeast Africa and the Middle East
Found the origin of fascioliasis, a priority disease according to the WHO, in Southeast Africa and the Middle East
The team from the Sanitary Parasitology Unit of the University of Valencia (UV), an official collaborating centre of the World Health Organisation (WHO) in Geneva and a World Reference Centre of the FAO/United Nations, has managed to elucidate the origin of fascioliasis, a parasitic disease caused by two species of helminths from the trematode group, the liver flukes Fasciola hepatica and F. gigantica .

Health - Life Sciences - 21.09.2022
Caregivers’ prosodic variations can improve communication with Alzheimer’s patients
Research institutes from five European countries have committed to improving the way researchers discover and access sensitive human data across national borders to enable more efficient health research. Institutes from Finland, Germany, Norway, Spain, and Sweden have become the first five nodes of the Federated European Genome-phenome Archive (Federated EGA), one of the largest international networks for discovery and access of sensitive human data.

Life Sciences - Health - 21.09.2022
Turning off a brain region decreases aggressiveness in lactating female mice
Turning off a brain region decreases aggressiveness in lactating female mice
Research shows that turning off a brain region decreases aggressiveness in lactating female mice A research team from the Universities of Valencia and Jaume I of Castellón has managed to show that if the medial amygdala - a part of the brain that detects pheromones and participates in social behaviour - is inactivated in mice, lactating females are no more aggressive the second time they must face a male, as it happens in unmanipulated females.

Life Sciences - Health - 20.09.2022
Replication of human noroviruses in mice
Replication of human noroviruses in mice
A research team at the Universitat de València led by Professors Jesùs Rodríguez Díaz, from the Department of Microbiology and Ecology, has been able to replicate human noroviruses in mice by eliminating intestinal microbiota with the use of antibiotics. This will allow progress to be made in the development of vaccines against one of the viruses responsible for most cases of acute gastroenteritis.

Life Sciences - Health - 14.09.2022
Researchers identify new model of cerebral cortex development linked to reelin protein expression
The correct development of the brain cortex is an essential process for the acquisition of correct cognitive skills. Reelin, a key extracellular protein in neuronal migration and synaptic plasticity, is determinant in this process. For this reason, the dysfunction —genetic or at an expression level— of this protein is involved in neurodevelopmental pathologies —such as lissencephalies, epilepsy or some psychiatric disorders, particularly autism, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder— or neurodegenerative diseases.

Health - Life Sciences - 13.09.2022
Key mechanism for brown adipose tissue formation to prevent obesity
Key mechanism for brown adipose tissue formation to prevent obesity
Obesity is a growing global health problem, the prevalence of which has tripled since 1975. It currently affects 650 million people worldwide, and in Spain the prevalence among adults is 28%. This pathology is related to cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis and certain forms of cancer.

Environment - Life Sciences - 08.09.2022
Magnitude of the impact of illegal poisoning on biodiversity revealed
Magnitude of the impact of illegal poisoning on biodiversity revealed
A study in which the Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM) is participating has managed to estimate the number of species that are actually affected by the illegal use of poison. The magnitude of this threat had remained unknown until now due to the low detection of poisoning cases in the wild.
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