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Transport - Environment - 24.11.2022
A prototype system which warns of natural phenomena dangerous for aviation developed
A prototype system which warns of natural phenomena dangerous for aviation developed
The ALARM research team, a European scientific project coordinated by Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), has developed a new prototype early warning system to monitor natural phenomena that threaten the safety and efficiency of aviation. This system, currently capable of predicting the dispersion of volcanic ash or the progress of certain thunderstorms, also identifies the areas where the passage of aircraft has the greatest impact on climate change.

Environment - Life Sciences - 11.11.2022
New approach to assess the health status of intermittent rivers
New approach to assess the health status of intermittent rivers
More than 50% of the world's river network is made of temporary or intermittent rivers: those which, during a certain time of the year, mainly summer, present dry riverbeds or some isolated ponds. These rivers show high variability, both spatially and temporally, which makes it impossible for the same tools used to gauge the state of health of permanent rivers to be applied to them.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 07.11.2022
Microplastic pollution threats the world's coastal lagoons
Microplastic pollution threats the world’s coastal lagoons
Globally, the coastal lagoons of Lagos (Nigeria), Sakumo (Ghana) and Bizerte (Tunisia) —close to large urban centres and without waste and sewage treatment systems— are among the most affected water ecosystems of this nature by microplastic pollution. However, the highest concentrations of microplastics have been detected in Barnes Sound and other small lagoons in a protected area in the north of Florida Bay (USA), a particular case that can be explained by the transport of microplastics carried by hurricanes from polluted areas.

Environment - 28.10.2022
Finding the unknown processes of the evolutionary history of green lizards in the Mediterranean
Finding the unknown processes of the evolutionary history of green lizards in the Mediterranean
The evolutionary clade and biodiversity of green lizards of the genera Lacerta and Timon —reptiles common in the Mediterranean basin and surrounding areas of the European continent, North Africa and Asia— have never been studied in detail from the perspective of historical biogeography. Now, a paper published in the Journal of Biogeography presents a new scenario for deciphering the potential evolutionary processes that have acted —separately or together— to give rise to the biodiversity of species in this group in Mediterranean ecosystems.

Environment - Life Sciences - 24.10.2022
The University of Valencia leads a study to find out the role of wetlands in the face of climate change
The University of Valencia leads a study to find out the role of wetlands in the face of climate change
Antonio Camacho, professor at the Department of Microbiology and Ecology at the University of Valencia (UV), leads the European LIFE Wetlands4Climate project in Spain, together with the Global Nature Foundation (FGN). This proposal works so that the management of Mediterranean wetlands generates multiple alliances and creates opportunities for socioeconomic development in rural areas and represents an important advance in understanding the carbon balances of Mediterranean wetlands.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 11.10.2022
Discovery of unknown habitats in the carboniferous flora in the Pyrenees
Discovery of unknown habitats in the carboniferous flora in the Pyrenees
A study reveals how the Sigillaria brardii species —a fossil plant typical of peatlands and abundant in the flora of Europe and North America during the Upper Carboniferous— colonised new areas in the riverbeds of the great European mountain range known as the Variscan mountains, far from their natural habitat.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 05.10.2022
Melting permafrost increases the emission of greenhouse gases in Arctic lakes
Melting permafrost increases the emission of greenhouse gases in Arctic lakes
Groundwaters that circulate through the subsoil as a result of the melting permafrost can transport carbon dioxide and methane —gases with a strong greenhouse effect— to Arctic lakes and this increases the effects of climate change. This process of transporting gases to the lakes, which culminates with their emission into the atmosphere, is now quantified for the first time in a paper published in the journal Nature Communications .

Earth Sciences - Environment - 29.09.2022
Marine ice sheets were decisive in the acceleration of global warming
Marine ice sheets were decisive in the acceleration of global warming
The intensity and rate of melt during the penultimate ice melting was much higher than previously thought, according to a study published in the journal Nature Communications . According to conclusions of the study, in this climate change scenario, the instability of marine-based ice sheets —those that flow directly into the ocean— was instrumental in accelerating global warming.

Environment - 26.09.2022
Researchers question artificial grass in urban parks because although it saves water, it reduces the number of birds
Researchers question artificial grass in urban parks because although it saves water, it reduces the number of birds
Researchers from the Cavanilles Institute of Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology of the University of Valencia show that replacing natural grass with artificial grass has reduced the number of birds by 35. In a study published in the journal Bird Conservation International , in which 45 parks in 18 cities have been analysed, they warn of the loss of biodiversity as a result of this practice.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 21.09.2022
Rising sea temperatures threaten Atlantic populations of Bulwer's petrels
Rising sea temperatures threaten Atlantic populations of Bulwer’s petrels
The impact of the rise in sea temperatures predicted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) could affect the survival of the North Atlantic populations of Bulwer's petrel in the Azores, Canary Islands and Cape Verde, according to a study conducted by the Seabird Ecology Group of the Faculty of Biology and the Biodiversity Research Institute ( IRBio ) of the University of Barcelona.

Environment - Life Sciences - 08.09.2022
Magnitude of the impact of illegal poisoning on biodiversity revealed
Magnitude of the impact of illegal poisoning on biodiversity revealed
A study in which the Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM) is participating has managed to estimate the number of species that are actually affected by the illegal use of poison. The magnitude of this threat had remained unknown until now due to the low detection of poisoning cases in the wild.

Health - Environment - 07.09.2022
EnvironMENTAL project: deciphering environmental factors related to mental disorders
EnvironMENTAL project: deciphering environmental factors related to mental disorders
Determining the influence of global environmental challenges in the field of brain and mental health is the main objective of the environMENTAL project. This initiative is funded by the European Union in the framework of the Horizon Europe programme, which will deploy an international consortium with the participation of the University of Barcelona, and will be led by Professor Gunter Schumann, head of the Centre for Population Neuroscience and Precision Medicine (PONS) and Fudan University (Shanghai).

Environment - 06.09.2022
Increasing impacts of floods and droughts worldwide
Increasing impacts of floods and droughts worldwide
Risk management has reduced the vulnerability to floods and droughts around the world, but their impact is still increasing worldwide, according to a study published in the journal Nature , which includes the participation of the researcher María del Carmen Llasat, professor of Atmospheric Physics at the Faculty of Physics and member of the Water Research Institute (IdRA ) of the University of Barcelona.

Health - Environment - 01.09.2022
Fewer COVID infections in cities with more green areas and low pollution
Fewer COVID infections in cities with more green areas and low pollution
The study has analyzed the different impacts in terms of virus spread, hospitalization and mortality in different territories of Spain and Italy.

Innovation - Environment - 29.07.2022
Drones and Artificial Intelligence to tackle the impact of extreme wind phenomena on the Valencian coast
A team from the Centre for Research on Desertification (CIDE, UV/CSIC/GVA) and the Image Processing Laboratory (IPL) of the University of Valencia is launching a new service for monitoring and estima

Environment - Life Sciences - 25.07.2022
Study warns of the ecological impact of native fish species introduced into river basins that do not belong to them
Study warns of the ecological impact of native fish species introduced into river basins that do not belong to them
UB study warns of the ecological impact of native fish species introduced into river basins that do not belong to them Exotic fish are a threat to river ecosystems, but what happens when invasive species are native to a territory and have been introduced into waters that are not their original territory?

Environment - Innovation - 14.07.2022
Species song: new tool for climate change study
Species song: new tool for climate change study
Through the combined use of new technologies, sound recognition algorithms and mathematical models, ecologists from the Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM) have proposed a method to assess the consequences of climate change on biodiversity. The results, published today in Methods in Ecology and Evolution , have been successfully tested on an Iberian amphibian, the San Antón frog ( Hyla molleri ).

Environment - 30.06.2022
Unprecedented change in Europe's fire regime
Unprecedented change in Europe’s fire regime
A study reveals an unprecedented change in the fire regime in Europe which is related to climate change. The affected areas are in Southern, Central and Northern Europe but this historical change in Europe's fire regime is more intense in the Mediterranean area. The study, published in the journal Scientific Reports , is led by Jofre Carnicer, lecturer of Ecology at the Faculty of Biology, and member of the Biodiversity Research Institute (IRBio) of the University of Barcelona and the Centre for Ecological Research and Forestry Applications (CREAF).

Environment - Earth Sciences - 07.06.2022
Researches decipher the migratory pattern of the smallest seabird in the Mediterranean
Researches decipher the migratory pattern of the smallest seabird in the Mediterranean
It had always been thought that the Mediterranean population of the European storm petrel —the smallest seabird in the Mediterranean— spent the year in this sea and that only a small part of the population migrated to the Atlantic during the winter season. Now, a study reveals that most of the European storm petrels that nest in the western Mediterranean move to the Atlantic Ocean as their main wintering area.

Environment - 27.05.2022
Climate change can amplify heatwaves in the Antarctic continent
Climate change can amplify heatwaves in the Antarctic continent
Scientists from the Antarctic Group of the State Meteorological Agency —belonging to the Spanish Ministry for Ecological Transition and Demographical Challenge (MINECO)— and the University of Barcelona, the CSIC Institute of Geosciences and the University of Lisbon published the results of a recent study whose main conclusion confirms, for the first time, that climate change can amplify a heatwave in the Antarctic continent.
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