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Environment - 30.06.2022
Unprecedented change in Europe's fire regime
Unprecedented change in Europe’s fire regime
A study reveals an unprecedented change in the fire regime in Europe which is related to climate change. The affected areas are in Southern, Central and Northern Europe but this historical change in Europe's fire regime is more intense in the Mediterranean area. The study, published in the journal Scientific Reports , is led by Jofre Carnicer, lecturer of Ecology at the Faculty of Biology, and member of the Biodiversity Research Institute (IRBio) of the University of Barcelona and the Centre for Ecological Research and Forestry Applications (CREAF).

Environment - Earth Sciences - 07.06.2022
Researches decipher the migratory pattern of the smallest seabird in the Mediterranean
Researches decipher the migratory pattern of the smallest seabird in the Mediterranean
It had always been thought that the Mediterranean population of the European storm petrel —the smallest seabird in the Mediterranean— spent the year in this sea and that only a small part of the population migrated to the Atlantic during the winter season. Now, a study reveals that most of the European storm petrels that nest in the western Mediterranean move to the Atlantic Ocean as their main wintering area.

Environment - 27.05.2022
Climate change can amplify heatwaves in the Antarctic continent
Climate change can amplify heatwaves in the Antarctic continent
Scientists from the Antarctic Group of the State Meteorological Agency —belonging to the Spanish Ministry for Ecological Transition and Demographical Challenge (MINECO)— and the University of Barcelona, the CSIC Institute of Geosciences and the University of Lisbon published the results of a recent study whose main conclusion confirms, for the first time, that climate change can amplify a heatwave in the Antarctic continent.

Environment - 14.05.2022
The Lancet Journal rates València as one of the best cities in the world for supporting health and sustainability
A monographic published by the prestigious journal The Lancet analysed the urban design, transport, sustainability and other quality of life indicators of 25 cities of the world. In this publication València rated as one of the best cities in urban policies and support for health and sustainability.

Environment - 13.05.2022
Hot spots for migratory birds
Hot spots for migratory birds
New research with the participation of the University of Valencia highlights the areas of Europe and North Africa in which the construction of wind farms or power lines can increase the risk of death of migratory birds. The western Mediterranean coast of France, southern Spain, and the Moroccan coast, among the main areas of vulnerability.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 09.05.2022
Citizen science study detects vast amount of microplastics in Catalan bathing areas
Citizen science study detects vast amount of microplastics in Catalan bathing areas
The presence of microplastics in the oceans is widely documented/reported by the oceanographic research, but data on the pollution in the nearshore are scarce, due to the scientific boats' access difficulties.

Life Sciences - Environment - 29.04.2022
Bacteria found in car fuel tanks serve to degrade hydrocarbons in contaminated areas
Bacteria found in car fuel tanks serve to degrade hydrocarbons in contaminated areas
A research team from the Institute for Integrative Systems Biology (I2SysBio) has discovered useful bacteria for the degradation of diesel fuel in the fuel tank caps of diesel and gasoline vehicles. Carried out by means of Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) and culturomics, the study appears published in the journal npj Biofilms and Microbiomes of the Nature group.

Environment - History / Archeology - 14.04.2022
An open-air Neanderthal habitat over 120,000 years old is discovered in Aspe
An open-air Neanderthal habitat over 120,000 years old is discovered in Aspe
A research team from the Department of Prehistory, Archaeology and Ancient History of the University of Valencia (UV) led by Professor Aleix Eixea, in collaboration with the University of Alicante (UA), the Bizkaiko Arkeologi Museoa and the Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution of France have discovered and dated in Aspe (Alicante) an open-air Neanderthal habitat over 120,000 years old in the Natural Park of Los Aljezares.

Environment - 01.04.2022
Citizen Science for the advancement of solar energy
Generation Solar is an application that aims to co-create an open database of photovoltaic solar installations. It is the result of a citizen science initiative and various actors have been involved in the development process, including citizens, enterprise, research centres and universities. A team of researchers uses the experience of a participatory strategy to create and launch Generation Solar , a citizen science initiative for research and innovation in solar energy.

Life Sciences - Environment - 28.03.2022
Building new sea turtle populations in a biodiversity crisis
Building new sea turtle populations in a biodiversity crisis
Biodiversity loss has accelerated over the last decade, driven by the impact of global warming, alteration of habitats and the dispersal of invasive exotic species due to human action. The reintroduction of captive-bred animals is one of the potential solutions to cope with this problem.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 02.03.2022
Plastic debris in the sea could contribute to the introduction of invasive species
Plastic debris in the sea could contribute to the introduction of invasive species
A new study led by members of the Faculty of Earth Sciences of the UB and the Institute of Marine Sciences ( ICM-CSI C) revealed that plastic debris in the sea could contribute to the introduction and transport of non-native marine species that attach to these particles of anthropogenic origins. As part of the study, published in the journal Marine Pollution Bulletin , the scientific team identified several species attached to a series of plastic debris —both floating and present in beaches and seafloors— in the Catalan coast.

Life Sciences - Environment - 14.02.2022
Differences between populations of the black sea urchin in the Mediterranean
Differences between populations of the black sea urchin in the Mediterranean
Global environmental changes such as those caused by climate warming can have a deep impact on the ecosystems. In this context, it is vital to gather biological and ecological information of the main species to predict and mitigate the potential effects of these changes in the distribution, abundance and interaction of these species.

Environment - Life Sciences - 03.02.2022
Ancient trees are vital to forest survival
Ancient trees are vital to forest survival
A study published in the journal Nature Plants reveals that the oldest trees are living beings that offer more than a majestic presence and a series of ecosystem services to the forest. These ancient and monumental trees of long-term survival —they can be centennial or millennial trees— are vital to preserve the adaptive capacity of the forests on the long run, in a constantly changing environment.

Environment - Life Sciences - 26.01.2022
Salinization of river and lake ecosystems: a research agenda for a global threat
Salinization of river and lake ecosystems: a research agenda for a global threat
The increasing salinity in freshwater habitats —rivers, lakes, wetlands, etc.— is a global threat to the conservation of biodiversity and the natural habitats of the world. Human activities such as mining and intensive agriculture, as well as the rise of the sea level caused by the climate change, are placing the concentration of salt in continental waters up to the highest levels to date.

Environment - 19.01.2022
Climate crisis drives Mediterranean coral populations to collapse
Climate crisis drives Mediterranean coral populations to collapse
A new study led by teams of the Faculty of Biology , the Biodiversity Research Institute ( IRBi o) of the UB, and the Institute of Marine Sciences ( ICM-CSIC ) of Barcelona has revealed that marine heatwaves associated with the climate crisis are bringing down the populations of coral in the Mediterranean, the biomass of which in some cases has been reduced by 80 to 90%.

Life Sciences - Environment - 22.12.2021
Greater diversity of Iberian spiders previously unknown
Greater diversity of Iberian spiders previously unknown
Populations of peninsular spiders that make aerial spider webs and move around the air by ballooning (using the silk threads as parachutes) present a more homogeneous genetics structure and are better connected between them. However, species of nocturnal spiders, which hunt on the ground and have a low dispersal capacity, show less genetically connected populations and are more vulnerable to local extinction processes due to environmental factors.

Life Sciences - Environment - 20.12.2021
Space and time: how to better understand biological processes in plants
Space and time: how to better understand biological processes in plants
If the perspective of space and time is not properly applied to plant research, the understanding of biological processes is limited as well as the response to the threats that endanger the life of plants worldwide. This is one of the main conclusions of an article published in the journal Trends in Plant Science by Professor Sergi Munné-Bosch, from the Faculty of Biology , the Biodiversity Research Institute ( IRBio ) and the Institute for Nutrition and Food Safety ( INSA ) of the UB.

Environment - 09.12.2021
A system that combines solar energy and a chemical reactor to get more from biomass has been designed
Researchers at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) and the University of Rome "Tor Vergata" (Italy) have designed a new system that allows more to be got from biomass (such as forest and agricultural waste) thanks to a chemical reactor that works with a small solar power facility. Biological waste contains a large amount of energy, if used properly.

Life Sciences - Environment - 12.11.2021
Research on the only skeleton of a calf of straight-tusked elephant in Europe
Research on the only skeleton of a calf of straight-tusked elephant in Europe
UB researchers Montserrat Sanz and Joan Daura have studied the only remains of a calf in Europe, a species known as the straight-tusked elephant: Palaeoloxodon antiquus . The study has been carried out jointly with Maria Rita Palombo, of the Sapienza University of Rome and researcher at the Institute of Environmental Geology and Geoengineering of the National Research Council of Italy (CNR).

Environment - Life Sciences - 11.11.2021
Complex behaviour of sea urchins regarding the predators' threat
Complex behaviour of sea urchins regarding the predators’ threat
Sea urchins, albeit having a limited and ancestral sensory system, can show a complex behaviour when escaping a predator. These marine invertebrates tend to move slowly and with unpredictable movements, but when they smell a predator, they escape following a ballistic motion -straightforward, quick and directional- to escape the threat.