news 2021


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Results 61 - 80 of 119.


Mechanical Engineering - 07.06.2021
Artificial intelligence and data mining are being used to measure aerodynamic flows
Artificial intelligence and data mining are being used to measure aerodynamic flows
Developing new ways to measure turbulent flows that are more efficient and reliable is the main objective of the NEXTFLOW research project at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), funded by an ERC Starting Grant from the European Union. These techniques, which use new developments in artificial intelligence and data mining, can be used to improve the aerodynamics of means of transport and reduce their environmental impact.

Politics - 07.06.2021
When and why do politicians use emotive rhetoric in parliamentary speeches?
A study involving Toni Rodon, a professor with the UPF Department of Political and Social Sciences, argues that emotive rhetoric is one of the tools that politicians use strategically to attract voters. Published in American Political Science Review , the article analyses two million parliamentary speeches delivered in the lower houses of parliament in the UK (between 2001 and 2019) and Ireland (between 2002 and 2013).

Health - Art and Design - 07.06.2021
Science and performing arts against stereotypes
Science and performing arts against stereotypes
Stereotypes are knowledge structures integrated in our world representation, which have an influence on our decisions and which are hard to change. A team from the Faculty of Psychology of the University of Barcelona (UB) and the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL), in collaboration with the Èpica Foundation - La Fura dels Baus analysed how a performing experience could have a positive impact in reducing the population's bias against physical illnesses.

Social Sciences - 02.06.2021
Children’s beat gestures predict the subsequent development of their oral skills
So reveals a study published on 21 May in Child Development , conducted by Ingrid Vilà-Giménez and Pilar Prieto (ICREA), members of the Prosodic Studies research group, together with researchers from the universities of Chicago and of Iowa.

Social Sciences - 31.05.2021
A new model enables the recreation of the family tree of complex networks
A new model enables the recreation of the family tree of complex networks
In a new study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), a research team of the Institute of Complex Systems of the UB ( UBICS ) analysed the time evolution of real complex networks and developed a model in which the emergence of new nodes can be related to pre-existing nodes, similarly to the evolution of species in biology.

Innovation - 27.05.2021
What will the future of UAV cellular communications be?
A study by Giovanni Geraci and Ángel Lozano, members of the Department of Information and Communication Technologies, together with researchers from the universities of New York, North Carolina State (USA), Luxembourg, and Paris- Saclay, and Huawei Technologies. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), also commonly known as drones, are self-piloting or remotely controlled apparatuses.

Life Sciences - Health - 25.05.2021
Researchers identify 33 new genetic variants associated with bipolar disorder
Researchers identify 33 new genetic variants associated with bipolar disorder
The largest conducted study to date on bipolar disorder inheritability has enabled researchers to identify 33 new genetic variants related to this mental disorder, which is a turning point to step forward in the discovery of therapeutical targets and drugs to treat it. The study has been co-led by Eduard Vieta, professor at the Department of Medicine and member of the Institute of Neurosciences of the UB and Hospital Clínic-IDIBAPS, and Josep An

Chemistry - Electroengineering - 20.05.2021
New system to control electronic states of bidimensional organic materials
New system to control electronic states of bidimensional organic materials
A collaborative theoretical study involving three groups from the Institute of Theoretical and Computational Chemistry of the University dofe Barcelona (IQTCUB), published , shows how to reversibly switch between electronic states in organic materials. The paper was also featured as an Editor's Highlight and as a Behind the paper article signed by Stefan Bromley, ICREA Research Professor at IQTCUB and principal researcher in this study.

Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 19.05.2021
Development of a peptide that allows cannabis-derived drugs to relieve pain without side effects
Scientists from the Proteomics and Protein Chemistry Research Group and the Neuropharmacology-Neurophar Laboratory have developed a peptide which is an ideal candidate for reducing the cognitive side effects of pain treatment with cannabis derivatives. An international team, led by researchers from UPF David Andreu and Rafael Maldonado , has developed a peptides family that allows delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main component of Cannabis sativa , to fight pain in mice without side effects.

Health - 18.05.2021
Calcitriol supplementation in patients with kidney failure is associated with an important decrease in death by COVID-19
A research team has shown that the active form of vitamin D, calcitriol, reduces death by COVID-19 in patients with advanced kidney failure. The team, built by experts of the Health Corporation Taulí Park - UAB, the University of Barcelona, the Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute Foundation (IMIM) and Assessment and Quality Agency of Catalonia (AQUAS), has published the results of the study in the open access journal Biomedicines (MDPI).

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 17.05.2021
Successful start of DESI Instrument to reveal dark energy mysteries
Successful start of DESI Instrument to reveal dark energy mysteries
Today is the official beginning of a 5-year research to map the universe and reveal the mysteries of the dark energy using the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument ( DESI ). Based in the Kitt Peak National Observatory (Arizona, United States), this instrument will take and study the light of tens of millions of galaxies and other distant objects of the Universe.

Life Sciences - Earth Sciences - 12.05.2021
Genetic structure of the snail 'Xerocrassa montserratensis', an endemic species to Catalonia
Genetic structure of the snail ’Xerocrassa montserratensis’, an endemic species to Catalonia
A study published in the journal Scientific Reports reveals the genetic structure of the land snail Xerocrassa montserratensis and it provides new scientific tools for the improvement of the conservation of this endemic and threatened species in Catalonia. This land mollusc, identified in the late 19th century in the Montserrat mountain, has a reduced geographical distribution limited to the province of Barcelona, and it is a protected species in the area of the natural parks of Montserrat and Sant Llorenç del Munt i l'Obac.

Life Sciences - Health - 10.05.2021
Higher education does not influence brain ageing
A new study from the Lifebrain consortium , coordinated by the University of Oslo with the participation of the University of Barcelona, finds that higher education does not slow brain ageing, contrary to the popular belief. This study has been published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences .

Environment - Earth Sciences - 07.05.2021
The UB takes part in a study that reveals the recent tendency in the evolution of snow in western Pyrenees
The UB takes part in a study that reveals the recent tendency in the evolution of snow in western Pyrenees
A study published in the International Journal of Climatology , in which several researchers of the UB participated, analysed for the first time the recent evolution of snow at high levels in the Catalan Pyrenees. The study shows that over the last twenty years, at more than 2,000 meters high, the snow has not decreased but there has been an increase of snow-shape rain during the winter.

Social Sciences - History / Archeology - 06.05.2021
Human burial from 78,000 years ago in Africa
Human burial from 78,000 years ago in Africa
Àfrica Pitarch, Beatriu de Pinós researcher in the Prehistoric Studies and Research Seminar of the UB (SERP-UB) 000 years ago. Researchers found remains of a child aged between 2.5 and 3, in a shallow grave in the site of Panga ya Saidi (Kenya). This burial joins other evidence of the first social complex behaviour seen in Homo Sapiens.

Health - Computer Science - 05.05.2021
Artificial intelligence identifies the tiger mosquito from the photos received in the Mosquito Alert app
Artificial intelligence, combined with citizen science, will provide real-time detection of the tiger mosquito on a large scale and, as a result, will allow faster control of this disease transmitter. The deep learning algorithm that has been trained with more than 7,000 anonymous photographs received in the Mosquito Alert app between 2015 and 2019, is able to correctly identify 96% of tiger mosquito photographs.

Physics - 04.05.2021
Wireless broadband connectivity enhanced by a new communication design
A study published in the IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications , by Konstantinos Dovelos and Boris Bellalta, members of the Wireless Networking research group, with the participation of researchers from Queen's University Belfast (UK). Current wireless networks such as Wi-Fi, LTE-Advanced, etc., work in the lower radio spectrum, below 6 GHz.

Life Sciences - Health - 28.04.2021
The Vertebrate Genome Project marks the beginning of a new era for the genomics of biodiversity
With the publication of 16 high quality reference genomes of vertebrates, an international team sets the standards for the new era of the genomics of biodiversity and shows how it will allow research in comparative biology, conservation and health. Published in Nature, the flagship study of the VGP is one of the biggest efforts towards standardization in the field of genomics with the involvement of over 50 institutions from 12 different countries since it began more than a decade ago.

Career - Environment - 27.04.2021
The factors that improve job resiliency in North American cities have been identified
The factors that improve job resiliency in North American cities have been identified
"Job connectivity? (the possibility of finding a similar job) is a key factor for the recovery of local economies in the face of crises, according to a study published recently by researchers from the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), the Max Planck Society and the University of Pittsburgh.